Antimicrobial activity of Propolis and selected aromatic and medicinal plants.
Mamoucha S., Prombona A. – Institute of Biosciences and Applications, National Centre for Scientific Research "DEMOKRITOS", Liapis V. – Laboratory of Microbiology, Hospital M.T.S "ΝΙΜΤS".
Propolis (bee glue) is one of the most valuable bee products with healing properties. Aromatic and medicinal plants are well known for their healing activity from ancient times, from Hippocrates’ manuscripts. The antimicrobial activity of Propolis and aromatic, medicinal plants (A.M.P.) is attributed to their metabolic profile.
In this work, the presence of bioactive compounds, with antimicrobial activity, was investigated. Firstly, the antimicrobial activity of propolis and selected essential oils from A.M.P. was studied and then the synergy between propolis and essential oils was examined. For this reason, ATCC bacterial strains were used in assays with selected essential oils and propolis samples. Propolis samples are native to Morfovouni Karditsas and are utilized by the Greek company "Μybee". Significant antimicrobial activity was noticed from Citrus sp. essential oils. Synergy effect was observed in some cases.